BQT (BioEnergem Quantum Technology) has been developed relying on the latest knowledge of human biology as well as on older information that had so far been overlooked in terms of both research and application. In the field of human knowledge and its practical applications, whenever a new system is being studied, a global analysis is initially performed, and then details are analysed, with a greater focus – especially in the earlier stages – on dominant aspects.
The study of human biology has defined the “man/woman system” and its components assigning water a key role. Indeed, water makes up approximately 65% of our total body weight; proteins account for 25%, and other components are around 10%. If the evaluation of the “man/woman system” had followed the criterion of “studying the dominant system”, medical research should have focused on studying body water first, and proteins and other components only at a later stage. However, this was not the case. The reason behind this anomaly can be found in our inability to study body water appropriately, while studying proteins and other elements was much easier. Water as a chemical compound still holds many mysteries. However, what has been clearly and certainly determined is that water uses chemical reactions, matter-mediated physical phenomena, and energy-mediated (quantum) physical phenomena.
If we analyse the matter making up the human body, it can be noted that more than 90% of it consists of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen. Carbon and nitrogen can roughly be defined as “structural elements”, oxygen as an “energy mediator”, and hydrogen (protium) – the smallest element in Mendeleev’s periodic table – as the “jolly” between these elements. Indeed, hydrogen binds with carbon with four molecules, with nitrogen with three molecules, and with oxygen with two molecules, playing different roles depending on the type of chemical bond. In its bond with oxygen, which mainly generates water, hydrogen shows a sort of “physical egotism” that makes the 3D molecule take approximately 105-degree angles versus the approximately 109-degree angles that characterise, for instance, its bond with carbon. This also happens due to quantum forces that make water capable of all the extraordinary phenomena that are still being studied.
Considering water as a mere “support”, as was the case with nuclear proteins for DNA, is no longer acceptable. After all, increasing our knowledge of cellular biology can only confirm this paradigm. Indeed, during their folding, proteins – the ones which have always been studied in particular – come into contact with intracellular water, whose elements – oxygen and hydrogen – are often found dissociated and play a dynamic role in protein folding. As a consequence, proteins can be positively or negatively affected by oxygen and, even more so, by hydrogen. Human proteins are tertiary and quaternary; this means that, after the assembly of amino acids by ribosomal RNA, they have to undergo at least two folding stages to become tertiary, while in order to become quaternary two tertiary proteins have to bind together. Since hydrogen is the main binding element (and the same happens with nucleotides), it can be easily understood that even a change in its quantity during an unstable stage – as is the case if pH decreases – can be vital to ensure or prevent proper folding. It is equally easy to understand how the matter-mediated physical features of hydrogen, as well as of oxygen, can play a role in determining the hydrophobic stage against the hydrophilic one, which is essential for protein folding. It can, conversely, be more difficult to explain other activities of these molecules starting from the principle of “compartmentalising”, with regard to both the cells and the organs they form. As a matter of fact, biology has always divided the human body into different systems, and so has the clinical approach. From a biological standpoint, the cellular membrane and the organised structures of the various organs are considered “limiting” – for example, the connecting function for any necessary substance intake is left to the vascular and lymphatic systems. In fact, if this widespread approach changed, and awareness was gained of the fact that non-matter-mediated physical features overcome this limit, it would not be so difficult to understand how signals can go beyond the ‘”compartmentalisation” concept. It is just body water, and its dynamics, that allow for it.
What is water? What are the features that make it a unique substance? What does water look like? In a lab, water can be created by burning hydrogen in oxygen, and if we consider the knowledge we have on the balance of electrons at different energy levels, it is clearly understood how this phenomenon can take place in a linear way. On the other hand, if we analyse the formation of a water molecule taking a spatial vision, we will find that the hydrogen electron, as is turns around the nucleus, generates a rotational sphere; a similar behaviour is that of the electrons of the oxygen atom, which, however, generate a rotational sphere containing two electrons – thereby making the first energy orbital complete. This leads the other six electrons to form the second energy orbital. The electrons of the second energy orbital generate four separate spatial structures. The first has a spherical shape and contains two electrons, similarly to what happens in the first energy orbital; the other three, generated by individual electrons, have a handlebars shape and are arranged at 90° angles to each other. The residual electron finds its place in one of them, thereby completing the pair of electrons. To be balanced, each of these three spatial structures must contain two electrons. Therefore, since the two handlebars-shaped spatial structures generated by one single electron are incomplete, they can each accept the individual electron of the hydrogen atom, which, after generating an incomplete rotational sphere, turns around its nucleus on the first energy level. In order to enter the two handlebars-shaped spatial structures of oxygen that can accept electrons to form the water molecule, the electrons of the two hydrogen molecules need energy. The energy needed for this phenomenon to take place excites and makes unstable the oxygen atom, triggering the hybridisation of the spherical spatial structure and of the three handlebars-shaped spatial structures on the second energy level. Each of the structures takes on a pear shape at an approximately 105-degree angle to the others, resulting in the final shape of the water molecule. This non-linear shape is the result of electromagnetic and quantum forces. This is one of the 3D hypothesis on the water molecule and implies a special condition, since the oxygen nucleus contains eight protons, while the hydrogen nucleus contains one. Negative load electron clouds are attracted by the more positive load of the oxygen nucleus. As a consequence, the end parts of the molecules containing oxygen preserve some positive load, while the parts containing oxygen maintain some negative load. This affects the orientation of the water molecule and its general behaviour.
This description of how the water molecule is formed, which is shared by several researchers, is not based exclusively upon the electric features of the linear vision, and can therefore also explain the magnetic-quantum actions deemed to be involved. Studying these dynamics can help understand the mysteries that water still holds. In the traditional vision, water molecules are considered as “simple molecules” – compared to any protein structure – bound together by electrostatic forces. These forces, however, cannot explain why vapour can form or why water boils at 100 degrees Celsius. In traditional physics, atoms and molecules are located in a “passive space” and their motion and change in configuration can only take place with an external energy supply. In quantum physics, atoms and molecules are not located in a “passive space”, but in “vacuum” – by no means intended as a “simple empty space” – where oscillation phenomena capable of modifying their motion and configuration take place as a result of energy relations. In a certain expandable space, atoms and molecules can oscillate in phase, generating the so-called “coherence domains”. Water is a dipolar liquid crystal with induced dipole-induced dipole or instant dipole-instant dipole interactions, which can become a permanent dipole-permanent dipole interaction, for instance when water turns into ice due to a temperature reduction. Water in the liquid phase has structures similar to those of ice, which most likely ensure the maintenance of the dipole, and simpler structures, called clusters, with less orderly dynamics than those of ice and, consequently, playing a lesser role in the maintenance of the dipole effect. Using a spectroscopy technique based on ultra-fast laser sources, the European Laboratory of Non-Linear Spectroscopy (LENS), the Italian National Optics Institute (Istituto Nazionale di Ottica-CRN), and Florence-based Università di Fisica Fiorentina have proven that water in the liquid state does not simply take the shape of its containers, but, rather, the two shapes described above. These have been defined as transient structures due to their tendency to aggregate and disaggregate in tiny fractions of seconds, and could explain why the solid phase of water, i.e. ice, floats on the liquid phase, water being the only molecule showing this behaviour. These aggregation characteristics have been confirmed with even stronger evidence by placing water in a metastable state, using particularly pure water taken to a temperature below the freezing point. This dual aggregation mode makes water difficult to describe through mathematical models, but could explain its anomalous features compared to all other liquids. In light of the above, what has been defined as “the memory of water” could become plausible – a phenomenon similar to the one described for ultra-pure silicon. Silicon is a crystal and a pure semiconductor that de facto behaves as an insulator due to its negligible current conductivity. When impurities – for instance arsenic, phosphorus, gallium or boron – are added to it (doping), silicon, just like germanium, gallium arsenide and other semiconductors, becomes more conductive when it is subject to the action of an electric field, exposed to light and other means. Current conduction in a semiconductor takes place via “free electrons” and “electron holes”. Doping a semiconductor like silicon with atoms of impurities, like boron and phosphorous, creates an uneven number of free electrons and electron holes. When the atoms present in a coherence cluster crystal aggregate, this, by means of specific pulses, leads to “memorisation”. In this way, thanks to their surface memory and to the electromagnetic fields of the atoms themselves, with the related electron spins, the clusters gain the ability to receive information and memorise it, ready to release it under appropriate conditions and at appropriate times. Water, including the one found in living organisms, is an excellent conductor, functionally equivalent to doped silicon, in which coherence domains can be evoked, where water molecule clusters form, even with structures similar to those of ice, thanks to the relevant atoms and via specific pulses. In this way, just like in doped silicon, in water too, thanks to the surface memory of the clusters and the electromagnetic fields of the atom themselves, with the related electron spins, the clusters gain the ability to receive information and memorise it, ready to release it when necessary into the water or any other solvent they come into contact with and/or near them. This phenomenon has been confirmed in a scientific article published by the Journal of Physics in 2013. The research was carried out by two separate groups – a French one, coordinated by Prof. Luc Montagnier, Nobel Prize winner for medicine, with biologists Lavallè and Aissa, and an Italian one, coordinated by Prof. Emilio Del Giudice, physicist at the International Institute for Biophotonics in Neuss, Germany, with Giuseppe Vitiello, Ph. D., from the Mathematics and IT Department of the University of Salerno, and Alberto Tedeschi, Ph. D., researcher at White HB in Milan. The study proved that some DNA sequences send low-frequency electromagnetic signals in the highly-diluted water solution into which they are released, and the solution stores and releases information having the same features of the diluted DNA sequences. Similarly to ferromagnetic materials, water shows it has a “memory” of its history that cannot simply be related to the difference between the molecular composition of the magnetised material and that of the normal one. In light of the sound physical and chemical evidence that water is providing, several researchers have come to this conclusion, to the point of stating that water can be involved in a phenomenon similar to hysteresis by means of clusters that store in-form-a(c)tion. This takes place at the sub-atomic and atomic levels wherever water is present, including in living organisms, where low-frequency and low-intensity bio-electronic processes are involved, capable of triggering, among other things, low-energy atomic transmutations, also as a consequence of the electromagnetic fields present in every atomic particle and of the electromagnetic field of the earth and the universe. This knowledge is the foundation of the new science of structural biology, which will significantly modify general biology. An example of this new way of approaching biology was provided by working on synthetic haemoglobin, in which when many amino acids are replaced, but the 3D structure is preserved, the function remains unchanged. This in-vivo phenomenon can take place because intracellular water has a complex multi-layer structure. This has been shown using X-ray diffraction and neutron dispersion, also with the QENS technique. Evidence has proven that biochemical reactions cannot take place by free diffusion. By glycolysis, for instance, enzyme-bound metabolites are channelled through structured water. Similarly, with proteins, it has been proven that it is the interaction between structured water and biological macromolecules that results in the folding of proteins, and, consequently, in their function, differently from what was believed up to recent times, i.e. that proteins folded as a result of other mechanisms and that intracellular water simply maintained their configuration. This evidence has led to define the water found in living beings as “Biowater”. This “cluster water” system, which tends to deteriorate in cells over time, improves the transduction of signals, speeding up the conversion of one form of energy into another. An example of this is light energy, perceived by the human eye, which is transduced into electronic signals to our brain. Research in biochemistry is discovering that intracellular water contains clusters arranged in several layers on the surface of both structural and functional proteins. Researchers have also proven that the protein function is performed, and can vary, just thanks to the protein-structured water interaction, where, in terms of biological effect, the structural arrangement of water seems to prevail. Evidence is so clear and convincing that biochemistry research has introduced the term “Metabolon”, meaning a metabolically active cluster. This new way of conceiving the biological cellular system is the perfect theoretical background for the principle of BCS (Bioelectronic Connectional System). This principles states that there is a functional continuity between the cytoskeleton, the intracellular protein structure, and extra-cellular protein structures, considered as the morphological expressions of a consistent and cooperative communication system between cells via piezoelectric interactions, electromagnetic interactions induced by photons (wave quanta), and sound interactions induced by phonons (wave quanta) – all energies that propagate inside the crystal, in this specific case the water clusters. Structured water therefore works in the system as a transducer induced by endogenous and exogenous elements, allowing the protein system, among others, to effectively perform its biological activity, which tends to deteriorate with ageing due to an increased dynamic rigidity of structured water. In this respect, restoring an “appropriate cluster hydration” of cells has allowed to improve metabolic efficiency. Appropriate hydration, however, does not simply mean increasing intracellular water, but also inducing all the appropriate mechanisms in the acquired clusters. Dr. John G Watterson’s theories are closely related to these principles – indeed, “the concepts of force and work applicable in our macroscopic world are transposed down to the molecular level, where the chaos of thermal energies dominate”. The latter energies do not currently allow to understand the sea-protein relationship (the first level of living matter) yet, but do allow to consider water clusters as the binding elements of molecules and the elements on which atmospheric pressure (called “pixel pressure” at this hierarchical level) is exerted. Below this hierarchical level, tension between molecules prevails – a phenomenon explaining, for example, the stability and motor coordination that can be noticed in the coherence shown by the cell, meant as a functional unit rather as a series of independent processes. In order to better understand this new way of conceiving biological processes, it should be noted that in the cellular field this concept is not subject to the assumption of the compartmentalisation of the human body and of living beings in general. Indeed, studies have shown tangible evidence of the participation of water cells in the efficient, fast and dissipation-free transfer of protons in various biochemical reactions and – thanks to inter-molecular resonance – of long-range photonic energy. It is vital to understand that living beings are an open system consisting of a large number of subsystems – if one subsystem does not work, or works inefficiently, the whole system is affected. In biology, every subsystem is directly or indirectly involved in the efficiency of the cells, tissues, and organs of living beings. An example is provided by aerospace experience. The first astronauts suffered from an extremely severe condition due to the distance from the pulsating electromagnetic field of the earth. At the moment of their departure, the astronauts were perfectly healthy, but when they returned, besides reporting problems mainly related to their the bone-muscular system, they were affected, among other things, by “oxidative stress status”. Later studies showed that this happened because the astronauts lived in space in the absence of the electromagnetism of the earth, which was like being locked up in a “Faraday cage”. The long-term consequences, as shown by other studies, could be early ageing and the onset of cancer, as well as death due to several reasons, mainly a negative effect on the bone marrow. To understand this it is enough to know that the earth has two magnetic poles, the north pole and the south pole, and that the magnetic field generated between them completely surrounds the earth and is vital for all living beings. The problem with moving away from the electromagnetic pulse of the earth has now been solved, as the pulse is artificially recreated inside space shuttles. The same system is also in place at the highest floors of very high skyscrapers. The need to be inside the electromagnetic field of the earth to keep a correct body balance proves that this field also affects the functions of bio-clusters or Metabolons. Stored electromagnetic information is an integral part of cellular functions, so bio-clusters have to be provided with correct basic and standard information by bio-resonance, as it happens thanks to the electromagnetic field of the earth. Based on this knowledge, it is easier to agree with the theory stating that an appropriately-configured exogenous bio-cluster can have a positive effect on cellular dynamics, maintaining or restoring functional balance. To achieve this, it must be acknowledged that body water is de facto a “liquid plasma”. In his research on plasma, considering the fourth state of matter (a globally neutral ionised gas containing high-density electrons and positive atoms), David Bohm showed that when the electrons stripped from their atoms are found in plasma, they no longer behave as individuals, but as an interconnected whole, i.e. as an “pluri-ionic-electronic” coherent system. Inside this system, consisting of charged particles, motion is generally due to long-range electric forces, which, by constantly recreating, tend to maintain plasma generally neutral, differently from what happens in ordinary gases, in which the motion of particles is due to short-range electric forces. Because of these features, plasma is a good electricity conductor and an element reacting to electromagnetic fields. When water, liquid plasma, or a solvent come into contact with a certain substance introduced into them, an electric force or a solute, they tend to form “coherent clusters”, interconnected systems, just like plasma does. Through collective excitation frequencies, these mechanisms lead to the creation of clusters imprinted with the solute, which stabilises only in the electromagnetic fields of the atoms, modifying their spins and thereby creating a surface memory. This solvent-solute bond vibrates at specific modulated frequencies, maintaining the acquired state and leaving it only when a resonance relationship is established with other plasma water. All these mechanisms allow to transfer the “in-formed” solvent and the solute to specific bio-resonance locations.
In order to study, verify, and prove these modulating and modulated frequencies, reference needs to be made to the surface chemistry of atomic aggregates. To do so, diffuse reflectance and luminescence optical spectroscopies or high-energy electronic spectroscopies such as XPS (X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy), EXAFS (Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure) or XANES (X-ray Absorption Near Edge Spectroscopy) have to be performed. Recent discoveries by the researchers of the complex fluids and molecular biophysics laboratory of the University of Milan (Italy), published on Science, have proven that the water in which DNA fragments are immersed “spontaneously” tends to form liquid crystals, very orderly structures in which molecules arrange regularly. In turn, the DNA fragments tend to adhere to one another, forming chains that are longer than the individual molecules. This proves the self-organisation properties of matter and could help understand birth in the prebiotic world.
Encouraged by the vast evidence that research has provided on water molecule dynamics, we started to evaluate the most significant data, only in relation to human biology, taking the cell as the reference element. While up to the recent past it was believed that stem cells performed their main biological task in intra-uterine life, based on the latest research we now know that stem cells influence all biological events in our life.
It all starts with blastomeres – totipotent stem cells produced by cleavage of the zygote that forms following fertilisation – and it ends with unipotent stem cells. In between, the differentiation in pluripotent and multipotent cells takes place – the latter are often present in tissues and can lead to two different types of tissues, allowing for the constant replacement of tissues throughout our life.
Tissue-specific stem cells have thus become the cells that need to be studied and, if necessary, cured, because they are at the basis of the biological balance and the efficiency of the related organs. The bio-resonance of the various body tissues was then studied, taking into account, as an additional parameter, what is currently known about stem-cell bio-resonance. By setting up in-form-a(c)tion in dynamized demineralised water, using a computerised system, and then doping it with active ingredients selected depending on the pharmacodynamic effect required and on induced cluster stability, the appropriate conditions were created to ensure that the diluted active ingredient would have its biological effect preferably on tissues having an equivalent bio-resonance. Doping was carried out using active ingredients at the doses deemed ideal from all pharmacokynetic standpoints, ensuring the achievement and maintenance of the appropriate targeted effect, also, in our opinion, thanks to the action of the specific bio-physical configuration of the solvent.